A child experiences stress just like an adult. However, there is stress in a child and its impact underestimated. It is often thought that a child could not experience stress, or that the child recovers from stress experiencing it faster than an adult. However, the opposite is true for the child the central nervous system is incomplete therefore much more sensitive and vulnerable to stress than in an adult, and stress management skills are still deficient in relation to an adult.
Stress means strong physical or mental strain and pressure, and its adaptation reaction caused by the Situation may seem overwhelming and its own resources beyond. However, not all stress is harmful. There is also good stress, which makes us work efficiently and maintains a desire for life and motivation. It is essential for spiritual growth and development and creates a holistically good state of being. When a child experiences mild stress, he is alert, a little alert, and interested.
New events and routines break things are clearly stored in memory. The child lasts stress momentarily, especially if you get it to face it with a safe adult and learn through it to regulate their own feelings. Long-term stress that a child does not get into adult co-regulation, numbing and doing fearful, irritable, and restless.
The guide is designed to support and assist parents to detect negative stress in a child and encounter. The guide tells you about the symptoms that refer to child overload and offers tips to prevent it and to reduce it.
CAUSES OF THE CHILD STRESSING
The child’s growth environment and its changes affect the well-being of the child and possibly also to stress. Also, the child’s temperament has an effect on how easily a child is overloaded.
Stress can be caused by, for example:
– There are no clear everyday routines, such as regular sleeping and eating rhythms
– Excessive interaction situations, for example, multiple and changing relationships, too big kindergarten group
– Long days of care, when the child gets tired and misses his parents
– Too little two-way time with a parent
– Conflict between own and environmental requirements between, for example, too much or too little hobbies to the child’s age level or their own preference
– Problems of family interaction, disputes, illiteracy, problems of parental relationships
– The child experiences responsibility for the problems of others and moods
– Peaceful or noisy environment, your own lack of space
– Changes in life situation, such as sister birth, change of care place, family migration, parental separation, child’s own or illness of a family member, parents unemployment and financial difficulties of the family
– Excessive TV viewing or telephone/computer use
– The parent does not meet the child’s needs. The child does not understand or will not be understood by the child opinions are not listened to or taken into account
– The child has too much responsibility for everyday decisions (eg what would you eat? Do you take cheese or ham? Would you either go to sleep? Do you put it to the end of the beanie?)
– Excessive restriction or too much care, the child must not make an effort to learn and to realize for themselves.
SYMPTOMS OF Child STRESS
When a person is overloaded, the body begins to produce a hormone called cortisol, and the number of adrenaline increases. In this case, a fighting/escape situation starts in the body and the perspective is one’s own survival. The child is in such avoidance and passivity, doing what was told but serious. It was because of the mother’s own feeling of inadequacy and there was no reason we children were the wrong kind. Probably he felt he was talking mostly about the situation, it is difficult to express their feelings in words, and therefore the parent must have the sensitivity to perceive changes in the child’s behavior.
There are many ways for children to cope with stress. Many try to cry out in pain and anxiety, while others escape scary and unpleasant things, trying to focus entirely on other things or withdrawing from their own thoughts or games. Some children use sleep as a means of coping or choose some activity that brings safety and routine. Some, on the other hand, may fall ill or decline, giving the adult attention, security, and comfort.
Children are individuals and react to things and change differently. Symptoms of stress are easy to confuse with temperament or traits of different stages of development, but if a child’s behavior changes and the environmental changes have taken place, it is worth paying attention to. Symptoms of stress can be diverse, and their precise breakdown into different age groups is challenging. Listed below are possible signs that may indicate a child is overloaded. It is worth looking at the symptoms holistically, as a toddler and a toddler can react to stress in much the same way.
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Symptoms of baby stress (0-1 years):
– Calming lasts a long time
– Behavior change, for example, indifferent and over-calm
– Fighting the environment (does not react to people, does not make eye contact)
– Dissociation as a result of trauma (when a child repeatedly freezes without care and when the distress becomes unbearable, the child may experience
the phenomenon in which he subconsciously excludes his emotional and physical feelings. It can appear as a solidification, leaving a small child motionless staring at the ceiling.)
Toddler stress symptoms (1-3 years):
– Irritability, provocative behavior, agitation, disobedience, aggression
– Obsessive repetitive play, fantasies, imaginative friends
– Nightmares, sleep disturbances, difficulty falling asleep
– Refusal to eat, increased picking
– Overreaction or tranquility
– A reality escape, for example, by putting your fingers in your ears
Symptoms of playful stress (3-6 years):
– Behavior change to negative, anger, quarrel
– Rudeness, lying, bullying
– Withdrawal from one’s own conditions, antisociality, difficulties in interpersonal relationships, depression
– Restlessness, difficulty concentrating
– Fears and worries, separation anxiety
– Anticipating things, such as confirming things or events in advance
– Denial of matters, such as difficulty in accepting the departure of a parent or the death of a loved one
– The child behaves exemplarily outside the home, but when he comes home, for example, he starts throwing things and unleashing his anger
– Recession: previously learned skills are no longer successful, such as going to the toilet, dressing, and eating
– Decreased interest in previously important activities
– Nightmares, sleep disturbances, difficulty falling asleep
Child STRESS PREVENTION AND REDUCTION
Child overload should be taken immediately and the reasons for it should be sought, as stress can have serious and long-term consequences. If a child learns to suppress their emotions, he or she may lose touch with them completely. Long-term and severe deficiencies in the care a child receives are associated with disorders in the development of the immune system and thus increased susceptibility to the disease. Prolonged stress in childhood has been linked to learning and memory difficulties as well as mental disorders such as depression and anxiety. Among other things, you can have a preventive and reducing effect on your child’s stress, among other things.
Listen, Praise, encourage
– Be present. Spend as much time as possible with the child, even between the two. Put your own phone and smart devices on the shelf while focusing on the child. Let the child be seen as himself and producing joy.
– Listen genuinely to the child and talk to him. Remember that in addition to words, tones, expressions, gestures, and body language are also important means of discussion. Also, tell the child about your own feelings, it will strengthen the bond between you.
– Praise and encourage and tell the child that he or she is adequate and special, regardless of his or her performance. It is important for a child to say, among other things, the following things at the very moment when he or she least expects it:
“I love you!”
“I’m proud of you!”
“This is your merit!”
“You have what is required of you!”
“I forgive you!”
Support, care, protect
– Provide a safe environment for the child, as well as provide protection, support, and warmth. Map the child’s daily life and its workload.
– Possible feeling of care and security even in a stress-free situation. Be in touch with your child. Touch to soothe the loader makes you feel safe. However, also accept and respect the child’s negative reaction.
– Support and help the child to process and understand their own feelings, and to put them into words. Do not reject and reject the child in their own circumstances to think about their feelings but go through them with the child. In addition to speaking, emotions can be addressed through drawing, play, fairy tales, and music, for example. Teach the child to calm down.
– Protect your child from excessive noise, unnecessarily changing adults, and demands and pressures that exceed resources.
– Make sure that the child has appropriate activities; neither too much nor too little. What your child wants is not always exactly what he or she really needs. Help with emotions balancing attention and action often enough to non-burdensome issues.
stress relief for kids steps
Observe, know, identify
– Create routines and stick to boundaries. A sense of security arises from regularities, predictability, genuine interaction, and the opportunity to calm down. Also, teach and demonstrate by your own actions that breaking the rules and boundaries is not acceptable.
– Be careful. Observe your child’s behavior and rhythm in different situations so you can see if there are significant changes in them. Know and identify the stages of a child’s development, but note that not all skills come to children at the same time or at the same age.
– Avoid arguing in front of children. However, disagreements cannot be avoided, so it is important to show by behavior that there is nothing wrong or intimidating about the disagreements. Fight constructively – avoid shouting, naming, and insulting another. The child will set an example for you, including apologizing.
– Try to empower yourself as much as possible, and if necessary, also seek help for your own prolonged stress. As a parent feels comfortable, they have a better chance of caring for the child and being present to him or her. Parental stress can also be passed on to the child.
– Accept that a child may momentarily regress when faced with a difficult situation. Don’t scold or “Remind” your child of how they should act at a certain age, but as the situation normalizes, start quietly encouraging towards age-old behavior.
In what different ways do I maintain the well-being of myself and my children?
“Any unpredictability and suddenness can be awkward for a child. The adult shows affection by opening the world and environment to the child. ”
Teach the child to breathe deeply in and out when he feels anger approaching, for example in a dressing situation. Breathing calms the tense body and diverts attention away from the annoying thing. ”
What other ways could I support my child?
TIP TO SUPPORT CHILDREN IN THE CHALLENGING SITUATION
Communication with the child
– Stay calm and safe as an adult.
– Try to keep your surface. Be patient even if the child regresses. Do not go back to the level of a child.
– Give the child intimacy and attention. Gentle and hold in your lap.
– Listen to the child’s fears and thoughts without criticism. Explain that his feelings and reactions are relevant and acceptable.
– Tell what happened simply and truthfully, without scary details. Talk about things by their real names, because the child does not understand the expressions. For example, when talking about death, don’t use the term “sleep away,” then the child may begin to fear sleeping.
– Often remind the child and parents that they are safe.
– Explain what is happening now and give concrete answers.
– Remind the child that what happened is not his fault.
– Let the child be sad. Don’t insist on being brisk or strong. Give your child time.
– Calmness and softness of voice bring security to the child. Avoid strong reactions. Surroundings
– Do not separate the child from people you know.
– Secure a quiet environment, avoid noise.
– A place where you can relax and play. (suggestions while playi8ng with your child)
– Maintain regular and familiar sleeping and eating rhythms.