Today, the majority of abortions are done medically. If the duration of the pregnancy is less than 9 weeks pregnant, the abortion can be done at home, otherwise, it will be done in the hospital ward. Until week 12 + 0 of pregnancy, abortion is possible by a decision of one or two doctors, after which the permit is granted by Valvira.
A referral for an abortion can be obtained, for example, at a health center, school, or occupational health doctor’s office. Among other things, the doctor examines the patient’s Prerequisites, examines the general state of health and the duration of the pregnancy, and fills in the forms required by law. At the same time, further prevention is planned.
Treatment of an interruption in a hospital is always a two-step event. On the first visit, we decide on an interruption method that is almost always medicinal instead of surgical suction scraping. On the second visit, the patient is treated in either an outpatient clinic or a ward. For home interruptions, the first visit is to the outpatient clinic, and then no second visit to the hospital is required.
Read: How effective is a Medicamento para abortar (medical abortion)?
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After an abortion, it is important to take care to prevent pregnancy. Continued contraception selected before the abortion, such as birth control pills, is started the day after the day of the abortion.
If a coil has been chosen as a follow-up, it may be set at the time of surgical discontinuation, if necessary as early as one week after medical discontinuation, at follow-up, or after menstruation following discontinuation.
Follow-up in primary care after 2 to 4 weeks is required for both methods of interruption. In this case, abortion is confirmed by a pregnancy test and care is taken to start further contraception.
warning signs of infection after abortion
Medication discontinuation may require blood transfusion or scraping of the uterine cavity due to heavy bleeding. However, this happens infrequently, in less than 1% of interruptions. Follow-up bleeding lasts for an average of three weeks during medication discontinuation.
Infection requiring antibiotic treatment occurs in 3 to 5% of patients who discontinue treatment. If the uterus is not emptied with medication, scraping will be required. This is estimated to be the case for 2 to 4% of patients.
No complications of female fertility have been observed with uncomplicated abortion. However, there is insufficient information on the effects of repeated interruptions on fertility or problems with future pregnancies.